Announcement

Collapse
No announcement yet.

"National Hydrogen Strategy": Billions in funding in the transport sector

Collapse
X
Collapse
  •  

  • "National Hydrogen Strategy": Billions in funding in the transport sector

    "National Hydrogen Strategy": Billions in funding in the transport sectorThe Federal Cabinet has decided on the “National Hydrogen Strategy”. The government hopes to decarbonize "important German core sectors" such as steel and chemicals, but also the transport sector. Morocco should also help.


    According to economics minister Peter Altmaier (CDU), the strategy that has now been adopted should contribute to making “Germany the number 1 in the world in hydrogen technologies”. "The time for hydrogen and the technologies required for it is ripe," says Altmaier. “We now have to tap and use the potential for value creation, employment and climate protection. Because hydrogen will be a key raw material for a successful energy transition. ”

    Environment Minister Svenja Schulze said in a press statement in Berlin that green hydrogen also requires additional green electricity. “If you say yes to hydrogen, you also have to say yes to wind energy,” says Schulze. "That is why we must and will consistently expand renewable energies."

    The strategy with which the government wants to achieve these goals comprises 38 measures - sometimes more, sometimes less specifically. The plans are roughly divided into two phases: the market ramp-up is to start by 2023. As a result, the market ramp-up is to be strengthened by 2030, both nationally and internationally.

    But what does the decision mean? First of all, that there will be a “National Hydrogen Council” in the future, which should accompany the “consistent implementation and further development of the strategy”. In the communication, the Ministry of Economy speaks of a “flexible and results-oriented governance structure” that has now been created.

    And for mobility? This dealt with nine measures. Measure 8 states, for example, that the "coordinated development of a needs-based tank infrastructure to supply vehicles even in heavy road freight traffic, in public transport and in local rail transport" should be promoted. Specifically, the Energy and Climate Fund is to provide 3.4 billion euros for the funding of tank and charging infrastructure by 2023.

    Also by 2023, “Plants for the production of electricity-based fuels” are to be funded with 1.1 billion euros - but not necessarily as a synfuel for cars, but for aviation: This is what measure 7 calls electricity-based kerosene.

    In addition to promoting petrol stations, investments in hydrogen vehicles are to be supported to “activate the market”. In measure 6, 2.1 billion euros in grants for the purchase of electric vehicles are mentioned here, 900 million euros in grants for the purchase of commercial vehicles with alternative, climate-friendly drives and 600 million euros "to promote the purchase of buses with alternative drives" - the amount the respective grants are not mentioned. Research is also to be supported so that costs are reduced. The “HyLand” funding competitions are also to be continued.



    Not all measures are concrete

    Other measures remain (inevitably) less specific. For example, the “Clean Vehicles Directive” to support zero-emission vehicles in municipal traffic is to be implemented “in a targeted manner” (measure 11). In addition, the government wants to campaign for a CO2 differentiation of the truck toll - but the decision is not in your hands.

    Overall, however, as already stated in measure 1, improved framework conditions are to be created so that the production of green hydrogen in Germany is worthwhile. A measure that is certainly not controversial politically and economically: “In particular, we aim to exempt the production of green hydrogen from the EEG surcharge. We will make sure that this does not increase the EEG surcharge. ”The last sentence should have been created primarily by Minister Altmaier's efforts. According to a report by the “Handelsblatt”, Altmaier had seen the exemption from the EEG surcharge “rather skeptically” - because with the exemption of some large consumers, the burden on the remaining consumers increased.

    The strategy now adopted contains numerous such compromises. One of the most striking: The paper consistently speaks of green hydrogen. That was not always so. The Federal Ministry of Economics presented the draft of the “National Hydrogen Strategy” at the end of January . The 31 measures at that time caused a lot of discussion in the departmental vote, which is why the cabinet's adoption of the final version was repeatedly delayed.

    At that time - according to the unfiltered view of the Ministry of Economic Affairs - it was said that "CO2-free hydrogen" had a central role in "completing the energy transition". This does not only include “green” hydrogen from electrolysis plants that are operated with renewable energies. Energy sources are also included, which "are strictly CO2 neutral". So also "blue" hydrogen (conventionally made from natural gas, but coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS) and "turquoise" hydrogen (made from natural gas with pyrolysis and permanent storage or binding of the carbon).

    Here the SPD-led Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Research (CDU) have apparently prevailed against Altmaier: The fear was that cheaper blue hydrogen would not pave the way for green hydrogen, but would rather inhibit its development.

    Another point of contention was, according to the "Handelsblatt", which electrolysis output should be aimed for by 2030. The Ministry of Economics had therefore proposed "three to five gigawatts", the Ministry of Research aimed at ten GW. The compromise: five GW by 2030, five additional GW "if possible" by 2035, "by 2040 at the latest".



    Solar power from Morocco for green hydrogen

    The fact that the ministries involved had converged was already evident in the stimulus package earlier this month. It not only stated that the strategy should be presented “at short notice”, but also anticipated concrete decisions. An additional seven billion euros for the market ramp-up and two billion euros for the development of international partnerships are to be made available by the federal government - as it now turns out, this is about a plant in Morocco that is to produce green hydrogen on an industrial scale.

    According to Development Minister Gerd Müller, the project should save 100,000 tons of CO2 per year. The government apparently wants to secure access to the H2 produced there early, and a memorandum of understanding was signed with Morocco to build the plant together. "Countries in North Africa in particular are suitable production locations because the sun shines almost indefinitely here," says Müller. The plant should create jobs for young people locally in Morocco, but also strengthen technology leadership in Germany.

    The Ministry of Altmaier had already confirmed in the draft that Germany would not be able to meet its own requirements for green hydrogen and encouraged "energy partnerships" with producing countries (especially with countries in Africa). The target five GW by 2030 are to cover one seventh of Germany's needs, the rest must be imported.


    bmwi.de , bmwi.de (strategy as PDF), handelsblatt.com
      Posting comments is disabled.

    Article Tags

    Collapse

    Latest Articles

    Collapse

    • Initiative for more accessibility when loading
      by Redaktion
      The national control center for charging infrastructure and the Berlin association Sozialheld *innen work together to make new charging infrastructure accessible to people with disabilities right from the start. The keyword here is: barrier-free infrastructure.

      After an initial exchange with charger manufacturers and operators (CPOs), according to the state-owned NOW GmbH, the involvement of people with disabilities as experts on their own behalf as well as associations is now starting....
      12-07-2021, 07:08 PM
    • "National Hydrogen Strategy": Billions in funding in the transport sector
      by Florida
      The Federal Cabinet has decided on the “National Hydrogen Strategy”. The government hopes to decarbonize "important German core sectors" such as steel and chemicals, but also the transport sector. Morocco should also help.


      According to economics minister Peter Altmaier (CDU), the strategy that has now been adopted should contribute to making “Germany the number 1 in the world in hydrogen technologies”. "The time for hydrogen and the technologies required...
      06-10-2020, 06:22 PM
    • Greece plans to buy up to 15 percent of the purchase price
      by Florida
      The Greek government has announced extensive subsidies for electromobility in the country. The goal is for every third new vehicle in Greece to be electric in 2030.

      In the first phase, 100 million euros will flow into purchase bonuses over a period of 18 months. Specifically, the purchase or leasing of electrically powered cars and light commercial vehicles is subsidized with 15 percent of the purchase price, with the state even assuming 25 percent of the costs for electric taxis. Together...
      06-10-2020, 06:21 PM
    • Berlin doubles the federal share of the environmental bonus - no purchase premium for combustion engines
      by Florida
      The Federal Government has also included a number of measures to promote electromobility in its stimulus package relating to the Corona crisis. The most important of course: The state's share of the environmental bonus will be doubled in the form of a new “innovation bonus”.


      ++ This post has been updated. You will find the new information at the bottom. ++

      “With the environmental bonus, we are promoting the exchange of the vehicle fleet with climate-friendly...
      06-07-2020, 04:23 PM
    • France plans further incentives to buy electric cars
      by Florida
      French President Emmanuel Macron has announced that he will massively expand support for the French auto industry. The head of state is reacting to the crisis at PSA and especially Renault - the main reason is the slump in sales due to the Corona crisis.


      ++ This post has been updated. You will find the new information at the bottom. ++

      Specifically, the state subsidy is to increase from 6,000 to 7,000 euros when buying an electric car. In addition, hybrid cars are...
      06-03-2020, 05:50 AM
    Working...
    X